Most buildings have a foundation, and often it stands above the ground, it is this protruding part that is called the plinth. It can be made of cement slabs, wooden boards, logs or bricks, but it will always need finishing.
This is not only a matter of aesthetics and design decisions. Facing the basement of the house provides increased waterproofing of the building, which means less likelihood of rust, the development of fungus or rot. In addition, the lining of the protruding part of the foundation provides additional thermal insulation for the building (inside even in the most severe cold it will be warm).
The base itself can be of several types:
- the speaker - he needs a special drain, otherwise the coating will very quickly become unusable;
- single-level - is rare, because it lowers the waterproofing of the building and is no more durable than ordinary walls;
- falling down - occurs most often because it is protected from moisture, rain and snow, and pollution.
Depending on the type, on the tastes of the owner and on his financial possibilities, the most suitable version of the cap is chosen.
Plaster trim has its advantages:
- it is the cheapest material - even a not very wealthy person can get it;
- it is very easy to apply material - no need for special skills;
- This is a beautiful material - especially if you show imagination and apply paint or decorative plaster on the last layer.
However, there are also disadvantages: you can not revet a protruding base with plaster - under the influence of weather conditions it will crumble very quickly. The plaster will have to be refreshed from time to time, once a season or two. The plaster does not provide special thermal insulation and is not applicable to facing the house on screw piles.
If it is decided that the finishing of the basement of a private house should be carried out in this way, the sequence of actions for applying is very simple:
- the base is cleared of debris and dirt;
- by means of a special primer its general level is leveled;
- if the base is very uneven, and it cannot be fixed with a primer, a reinforcing mesh is used;
- plaster is applied in several layers;
- if you want to get a beautiful result, paint is applied over the dried plaster.
One of the ways to make aesthetic plaster is to apply patterns or inscriptions on any still wet surface with any sharp object. The result will be a relief that will show through the paint.
A natural stone
Stone trim has its advantages. Facing the base with natural stone always looks very advantageous and stylish. Natural expensive material always attracts attention.
The stone is reliable: even the most severe natural conditions are unlikely to harm him. The stone is durable: there is a chance that it will last longer than the house itself.
Natural stone for facing the base gives a lot of room for imagination: you can choose from a huge variety of commercially available options, any, chipped or smooth, polished to mirror smoothness or rough, granite or a simple cobblestone. The stone is suitable for facing the basement of a house on screw piles, although the method of laying will be fundamentally different.
But there are also disadvantages:
- a lot of weight - it is necessary to calculate the load even at the project stage in order to distribute it correctly across the foundation;
- complex installation - need accurate calculation, and often not enough simple glue;
- a great price - facing the basement with granite, for example, is far from affordable for everyone.
If the choice fell on this material, the order of work is as follows:
- the base is cleared of dirt and dust;
- primed, as a result of which irregularities are smoothed out;
- suitable stones are selected;
- glue solution is applied;
- stones are stacked starting from the bottom row;
- the finished result is covered with special solutions that increase the waterproofing and thermal insulation.
If you can not self-fasten the stone, (as it will not stick on the glue, for example, a granite lining of the base), it is better to hire specialists for exterior decoration.
Plinth decoration with artificial stone has its advantages:
- durable and consists of natural ingredients;
- not susceptible to moisture;
- light enough that you do not need to additionally calculate the load on the foundation;
- easily mounted by one person;
- very diverse - you can choose any color, any size.
The decoration of the basement of the house with artificial stone, however, has drawbacks: less reliability than a natural stone, and a relatively high price.
If it was decided that this is a good option, the plinth facing the artificial stone goes through several stages:
- the base is cleared of dirt and dust;
- priming is carried out, additionally leveling;
- glue is applied on tiles of artificial stone;
- glue is applied on the wall;
- tiles are laid out neatly rows.
Ready rows can be wavy or even depending on the tastes of the owner, the seams are smoothed to evenness after complete drying. The result is covered with solutions that contribute to the preservation of heat and the repulsion of moisture.
Finishing the basement under the stone can be carried out by a person without special skills, but you need to act carefully.
Finishing the basement brick has, like all other options, its advantages. The facing brick is strong, not subject to influence of moisture and will not suffer in the most windy, rainy or snowy weather. The brick is resistant to frost and provides good thermal insulation. A brick is aesthetic, if it is used to finish the basement of a brick house, it can look especially good. The brick is also suitable for home on screw piles.
But there are also disadvantages. Not every brick will do - you have to spend some time to choose from. Brick, as well as natural stone, is heavy, and in order to safely veneer it with a base, you must first carry out calculations at the planning stage of the house.
Brick requires a very serious approach to facing, just stick it will not work.
After the basement is cleaned and primed, the brick is laid out in the same way as when building a wall: so that the seams did not coincide, and equal rows were obtained. It is necessary to act cautiously, spreading out the articulations with a special solution, and when the mixture dries, clean off the excess.
Between the wall and the brick there should be a cavity of several millimeters to be used for ventilation.
Decorating the tile has its advantages:
- tile - light and relatively cheap material;
- when facing no special skills are required, accuracy will be enough;
- You can choose any color, size and imitation of any stone.
There is another plus - tile for facing the basement exists in three versions:
- clinker brick-like, but much lighter and thinner, completely non-absorbent and easy to process;
- polymer-sandy, very light, very strong, resistant to moisture and frost, good heat retention and able to imitate anything;
- resin, which can look like a plinth facing with sandstone, is very light, thin, flexible - if necessary, it can be easily cut with scissors;
All three options vary in cost, but you can only veneer the base with one of them:
- clean the base and coat it with a primer;
- prepare a recipe-on-glue glue (often a recommendation is made to use a specific glue on a specific tile);
- grease tiles, grease the wall and start laying out;
- when the seams are dry, they will need to be wiped with a special compound that will make them insensitive to frost and humidity.
Tiled finish option requires more care than others. Rough uneven seams look frankly bad.
In addition to the most common, there are other finishes, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages. They are less popular, but this does not lower the quality.
Siding - cladding panels made from a wide variety of materials, resistant to environmental influences, made so that even the most inexperienced person can easily cope with their installation. Well suited for home decoration on screw piles. There are different options:
- Plastic. The cheapest solution is to finish the basement with plastic panels that do not require outstanding skills or significant investment. But the result does not burn, does not rot, is immune to moisture and easily tolerates frost. The only drawback is high sensitivity to shocks.
- Metallic. Heavy and resistant to moisture, but only as long as the outer coating is retained, however, these panels are popular. Do not burn, resistant to frost, their strength is very high.
- Wood. Very expensive, combustible, require constant care, but so beautiful that they are still used.
- Fiber cement. Dear, heavy, requiring consistent long installation. They completely redeem the inconvenience with absolute strength and insensitivity to external influences. Finishing the basement of stone panels is best done with this type of materials.
Finishing the basement of a wooden house or brick is a matter that requires accuracy, consistency and patience at the stage of choosing a material. Only a suitable option will allow the building to serve for many years to the delight of the inhabitants.