Begonia is a very popular plant that is sought after by professional florists and simple amateur growers. This beautiful flower is great for growing at home.
To date, botanists have identified nearly 900 varieties and received about two thousand begonia flower hybrids. In their opinion, the culture for growing at home can be divided into two groups: deciduous, differing in their fanciful shape and original leaf color, and blooming, needing periodic rest. The name of the flower comes from the name Begon: this scientist in the 17th century saw a flower (begonia) and gave him a description.
Begonia is originally an Indian plant, and other varieties from South America and Asia began to emerge later. That is why the tropical climate is ideal for begonias: warm weather and high humidity, while a dark place to grow.
What types of begonias are the most famous?
Begonia is able to grow in different ways: in the form of a bush or dwarf shrub, or even as a stretching grass on the ground. The leaves of the plant are asymmetrical. They may look as whole, or as divided into several lobes with wavy edges.
As a rule, in almost all plants, the lower zone of the leaf is reddish, brown or purple, and the green color dominates from above.
But in addition to monochromatic flowers, leaves with various patterns, lines and even speckled often occur. There are varieties of begonias, in which the appearance of the stem and leaflet in small villi.
The flower of this species has a white, pink, yellow, red or orange color. The size of the flower reaches 15 cm, resembles a rose, carnation or peony flower.
How to grow begonia in the apartment so that she was very beautiful and pleasing to the eye? Initially, for home begonias need to find a place in the room. It should be well lit, but direct sunlight should not fall on the plant. The ideal temperature is 18 degrees all year round, but in the hot summer period the room begonia is able to transfer the temperature even higher. The place reserved for this flower should be permanent, as it categorically does not like to change its location.
Before you engage in planting begonias, you must select the container where the plant will be grown. It is desirable that this was not a very small ceramic pot, which is 4 cm larger in diameter than the root of the flower. A very large pot, in principle, is also suitable, but in it the begonia will bloom much later, due to strongly increased humidity. Soil for planting plants can be bought at any flower kiosk.
Some important rules for watering begonias:
- During the warm summer period, watering should be carried out at least 2 times a week.
- In too hot conditions, the soil must be moistened every day.
- In autumn, the flower can be watered when the topsoil has begun to dry.
- In winter, watering is very rare, about once a week.
Tuberous species of begonias in the winter rests. At this time it should be placed in peat and not watered at all.
Permissible humidity and air temperature for home begonia
Since begonia is originally a tropical flower, the climate is preferable for it is very humid. But it is important to remember that it is strongly not recommended to spray this flower with water, because later it starts to hurt, the leaves become covered with spots. To avoid such unpleasant phenomena, the flower needs to create a specific microclimate: the pot should be put on a plate with wet peat or in a tray with ordinary water pour pebbles, on which the flower will stand. These actions will lead to the effective evaporation of water, which will ensure that the grown plant receives a sufficient amount of moisture.
Home begonia does not tolerate sudden temperature changes. That is why when changing the temperature regime, it can, for example, lose leaves. In summer, the ideal temperature for its content will be no higher than +20 degrees, and in winter, the temperature should be no lower than +15 degrees.
Sooner or later, amateur growers wonder how to transplant begonia. There is nothing complicated about it. It should be transplanted once every 2-3 years, and for this there are a number of simple recommendations:
- Before transplantation, you need to visually inspect the root of the flower, as a rule, it will no longer fit in a pot. This means that the time to repot the flower has come.
- We buy a new pot, which should be a couple of centimeters larger in diameter than the previous one.
- Carefully remove the flower from the substrate and clean the root of the remaining soil. For about an hour we leave it in a manganese solution, after which we find out if there are any pests on it, if there are signs of rotting.
- If there are diseased areas, then remove them until healthy. Then you can safely plant a plant.
After the begonia was transplanted, it needs abundant and systematic watering.
Fertilizer and primer for begonia
For full-fledged growth the flower needs a soil filled with nutrients:
- two parts of leafy ground;
- one piece of peat;
- one piece of black soil.
Coarse-grained river sand should be laid on the bottom of the tank where the flower will be transplanted. Further to the middle we pour the sheet earth and on it we already pour a mixture of peat and black earth.