The main element of the entrance group of a respectable mansion, country house, shop or office building is a porch. If the condition of its stairs is bad, then the negative impression of visitors or guests to property owners is guaranteed.
Unfortunately, it is customary to choose the lining for concrete or brick steps only on the principle "the cheaper the better." As a result, the overwhelming number of input groups in a year or two after the repair was performed does not look the best. Do not have a high quality finish stairs and inside public buildings.
Steps must withstand high loads, for this very reason they were made to be lined with stone. The development of building materials production technologies has significantly expanded the list of materials used. Today the facing of steps is performed:
- clinker tiles;
- ceramic tiles;
- natural stone;
- ceramic granite;
- concrete tiles.
All these materials have excellent aesthetic properties, but have different technical characteristics and cost. Therefore, potential buyers always have the opportunity to choose the optimal products for cladding steps.
The brick tile is one of the most popular materials for facing of steps in Western Europe and North America. This is due to the practicality of the material, a wide range of products and excellent aesthetic qualities. The clinker is produced at high temperatures from special grades of clay, so that it becomes stronger than stone, but does not have all the disadvantages of natural material. It has a minimum water absorption coefficient, high strength and wear resistance. On clinker steps there are no traces of engine oil, gasoline, wine and various food colors.
The facing of the steps by porcelain stoneware, a unique composite material, in the development of which the drawbacks of natural stone were also taken into account, is no less popular. Porcelain tile is not afraid of changes in temperature, high humidity, is notable for impressive wear resistance. Manufacturers offer a wide range of porcelain stoneware collections with an invoice that imitates natural wood, leather, fabric, and metal surfaces. As part of the collections everything you need to properly revet the steps: risers, tiles, baseboards and curbs. If there is a desire to decorate the street steps with wood, then it is better to choose the appropriate ceramic tile.
Very popular is the facing of the steps of the stairs with ceramic tiles. Manufacturers offer an impressive range of products, including specially designed for the design of the steps.
Ceramics is easy to maintain, but does not always tolerate temperature fluctuations, not all tiles are highly durable. With its help, you can finish the stairs, located inside a private house, a small restaurant or cottage. Special collections can be used for external works in private construction.
The facing of steps which became classics by granite or marble and today is in a great demand. Natural stone has impeccable aesthetic characteristics. Among the shortcomings can distinguish the ability to absorb liquids with dyes, with the result that traces remain on the steps that cannot be removed. The presence of pores in the stone suggests that when operating on the street, cracks may appear over time. Despite this, the facing of the steps with granite slabs is used in the construction of large public buildings, stations, airports.
Facing tiles made of concrete is popular due to the affordable price of this material. Manufacturers offer a wide range of products, but it is suitable for buildings with a small intensity of operation. It is difficult to take care of concrete; it is not recommended to use chemically active substances for this. Concrete tiles are made with the use of artificial colors that tend to fade in the sun.
It is not enough to choose tiles for facing steps on the street or indoors. It is necessary to carry out all the preparatory, general construction and installation work. Attention is drawn to the following fundamental points:
- shrinkage of steps made of concrete, brick or reinforced concrete is not allowed;
- the ladder must be protected as much as possible from rain and snow with canopies or other structures;
- for work it is necessary to apply the glue and grout recommended by the tile manufacturer;
- do not neglect the use of anti-slip pads or tiles with special anti-slip notches;
- it is necessary to use end elements, baseboards for maximum protection of the structure from moisture.
Compliance with these requirements will extend the life of the steps, even with their intensive use.
Before proceeding with the finishing of the facing material, it is necessary to prepare the base. Concrete or brick structures most often act as it. The basic requirements for the base - strength and ideal surface geometry. The construction should not crumble; voids, cracks and cavities are unacceptable in it. If there are defects, it is necessary to repair the supporting structure, wait for the strength to build up and only then proceed to the facing work.
The best choice for interior decoration is ceramic tile. Among the advantages of this material is an affordable price, a variety of products, simple installation. For the exterior of the stairs is better to use clinker or porcelain. They are able to withstand the maximum temperature and high humidity, have high impact resistance and wear resistance. The clinker and porcelain tiles can be used not only in the design of private houses, small hotels and shops, but also in the construction of public buildings.